It’s coming to the end of harvest time but everywhere you look there are gluts of produce to be turned into something delicious. Some to be eaten now,some to be saved for the winter months. Gardens and hedgerows are filled with bounty and will continue to provide opportunities to harvest interesting things until late October. You might have your own fruit trees providing you with an abundance of apples,pears,plums or damsons,too many beans,courgettes or unripe tomatoes. Maybe a neighbour has a surfeit they need to share. There’s sure to be produce by peoples gates either for free or very cheap. And of course you can go foraging in country lanes,in parks and open spaces,on moorland.
Whatever you find there’s plenty of ways to put it to good use:cakes,crumbles,pies and tarts for now,freezing and multiple ways of preserving for later…..compots,jams,chutneys,pickles,curds,vinegars,favoured gins or vodkas,fruit jellies and cheeses,cordials,wines and ales,ketchups and sauces. Almost too may choices.
First of all some rules of foraging:
- Be sure you are allowed to forage from the lane/park/open space you choose;land maybe protected or private,foraging isn’t just a free for all.
- Don’t strip plants bare,leave fruit for others and for the wildlife.
- Make sure you know what you have collected before using it as food.
- Only collect from areas where you are happy there won’t be contamination,so right next to a busy road might not be great.
- Always be considerate and sensible about where and how you forage.
The are some good books on foraging to help you know what you might find where and when and also for identification. Three that I particularly like are Food for Free by Richard Mabey (it comes is a tiny pocket size so is easy to carry with you);The Foragers Handbook by Miles Irving more a research book for at home,Miles also runs foraging courses (as do others);and the River Cottage Hedgerow Handbook by John Wright.
Most of what you’ll collect over the next two months will be fruits and berries of some description,but there could be end of season vegetables too from the garden. There’s mushrooms to be had of course but that’s a whole other topic. To decide what to do with whatever glut you have think about the following:how ripe is the fruit,how sweet or tart is it,how long is the season (is this the last for this year or might you be able to collect more),how much do you have? All of these things will influence what you might choose to do. If you have a small amount of ripe fruit then if its edible uncooked you’ll probably want to eat it as is with cream or yoghurt or perhaps made into a cake,pudding,tart or crumble. If you’ve a lot of something then you’ll need to preserve some for later use either as a jam,jelly,chutney,pickle or something. I tend to make pickles,chutneys and fruit vodkas because they are what I like but think of what is most likely to get eaten up before next years glut and also what people you know will appreciate as presents. If the fruit is less ripe then pickles and chutneys are a good choice as the sourness is part of the taste and can be balanced by the spices and sugar. Very under ripe fruit can be made into Indian style pickles (a bit like lime pickle),I’ve tried this with plums and green tomatoes and it works well with both.
There really are so many choices it’s hard to single out one recipe (but I’ve included lots of links this month for you). Good resources are River Cottage Preserves Handbook by Pam Corbin and The Jam,Preserves and Chutneys Handbook by Marguerite Patten. Both are excellent on basic techniques with plenty of recipes to try. Do remember that if you are making chutney or pickles then you need a non-reactive pan (i.e. not aluminium) and inevitably the vinegar evaporates so have the extractor on and close the kitchen door,the taste though,is worth it.
One thing I’m determined to try this year is drying fruit. I love the dried berries and apples in granola and muesli so I’m going to make my own. I’ll be following this method from a curious little book called They Can’t Ration These,written during WW2 by Vitcome de Maudit (and republished by Persephone) its fully of quirky ideas for foraging and cooking.
How to Dry Berries
Use only sound,unbruised fruit,wash,clean and drain the berries on wooden or iron sheets and place them in a very moderate oven (110F). Raise the heat gradually to 130F,then when the berries fail to stain the hand when pressed but are not so hard that they will rattle,take them out and store. The length of time for the drying varies with the kind of berries,but it is from 4 to 6 hours.
(Note:The temperatures quoted don’t seem to tally with any conversion charts I can find so I’m assuming that the oven should be on its lowest possible setting. This is part of the joy of old recipes.)
This article was first published as part of the series I write for Francoise Murat &Associates newsletter. If you want to get the article sooner then why not subscribe to the newsletter which also has features on gardening (including kitchen gardens) and interior design.